Western Digital WD Red internal HDD sliced in half on pink surface

Replacing disks on FreeNAS

ZFS is a great thing and the main reason for me to use FreeNAS. But as disk space grew sparse, I had to think about upgrading. As WD brilliantly fucked up their WD-Red series and made a real mess there with SMR and some labeling stuff, I decided to go for Seagates IronWolf Pro disks to expand my MicroServer. To extend my pool, I had basically two ways: Making a new pool and copy stuff around or replace the disks one by one.

As I lack interfaces, I had to opt for the latter.

My Pool so far:

root@freenas:~ # zpool status MyPool
  pool: MyPool
 state: ONLINE
  scan: none requested
config:

        NAME                                            STATE     READ WRITE CKSUM
        MyPool                                          ONLINE       0     0     0
          mirror-0                                      ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/9868f6cd-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/6489f76c-c46b-11ea-9186-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0
          mirror-1                                      ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/99e25e00-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/9ab19bce-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0

errors: No known data errors
root@freenas:~ #

After pulling and replacing a drive, things look like that:

root@freenas:~ # zpool status MyPool
  pool: MyPool
 state: DEGRADED
status: One or more devices has been removed by the administrator.
        Sufficient replicas exist for the pool to continue functioning in a
        degraded state.
action: Online the device using zpool online' or replace the device with
        'zpool replace'.
  scan: scrub repaired 0B in 08:39:05 with 0 errors on Sun Aug 16 08:39:10 2020
config:

        NAME                                            STATE     READ WRITE CKSUM
        MyPool                                          DEGRADED     0     0     0
          mirror-0                                      DEGRADED     0     0     0
            gptid/9868f6cd-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  REMOVED      0     0     0
            gptid/6489f76c-c46b-11ea-9186-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0
          mirror-1                                      ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/99e25e00-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0
            gptid/9ab19bce-1153-11e6-9b9d-b05ada87d5e0  ONLINE       0     0     0

errors: No known data errors
root@freenas:~ #

To save us a lot of redundant stuff, I skip the status for the other disks as they were replaced using zpool replace until all of the pool is ‘resilvered’ again. We now got all of the disks installed, but to actually upgrade the capacity, we need to employ zpool online -e pool device. The parameter -e is very important here, as without it, the capacity remains unchainged.

Author:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.